Surfing the Brazilian Internet Governance Wave

In the last ten years the Internet Governance landscape has changed sensibly. Departing from the romantic and libertarian view that enabled the technological development a fertile fractal governance ecosystem was developed and with the support of different actors established the minimums standards of its international regulation. The Internet Governance Forum – IGF, the International Telecommunication Union – ITU, the Internet Engineering Task Force – IETF, and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Numbers and Names- ICANN, could be appointed as the most prominent examples of this multifaceted changing system that grew from ideas as freedom, self-regulation, open access and democratic participation to a complex network of actors and players, affected by legal, economic and technical constraints. A simple technological decision, as the selection of one specific network communication protocol, could impact directly in the user´s privacy or the cost of some resources and applications. Despite the importance of this governance system – which still engender strong discussions and criticism about the effectiveness of its policies or its globality, we know little about successful national Internet Governance practices, and How these systems could impact the development of the global governance ecosystem.

Therefore, using a case study approach, my presentation for Connected Life 2015 will explore and analyse one of the rising actors in Internet Governance scenario. Brazil elaborated its own Multi-stakeholder approach and developed an interesting group of practices regarding to its national Internet Governance system that need to be better understood. Instruments as the (Brazilian Internet Steering Committee), the Marco Civil (Internet’s Legal Mark of Rights), the organization of the NetMundial Conference – Global Multi-stakeholder Meeting on the Future of Internet Governance and its Road Map to future of IG) which enabled the launch of the NetMundial Initiative, need to be study and evaluated. These initiatives and the way that the Multi-stakeholder concept was developed requires to be critically studied and compared with the current practices implanted in ICANN, IETF and IGF, as well its replicability need to be accounted in the international scenario by the analysis of key international documents that reflects the international agenda for Internet governance. The practices developed in the Brazilian system could indicate a revitalization of the multi-stakeholder governance model and be used as and conceptual model to further empowerment of this Internet governance model enabling the rise of more efficient and democratic international Internet governance system.

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